Introducing Tiananmen Square
Tiananmen Square is located right in the center of Beijing. It measures 880 meters north-south and 500 meters east-west, with a total area of 440,000 square meters, allowing one million people to gather there. Tiananmen Square is the largest city square in the modern world. It is the symbol of China, a center that rallies all the Chinese people and provides the focus of their attention. Its turbulence and tranquility, its joy and sorrow are a mirror reflecting the county’s march through time.
Tiananmen Square Fast Facts
• Chinese Name: Tiananmen Guangchang 天安门广场
• Best Time to Visit: All year around
• Recommended Visiting Hours: About 1 to 2 hours
• Things to Do: Photography, Chinese Culture, Chinese History
• Opening Hours: 05:00-22:00 (Tiananmen Square); 08:30-16:30 (Tiananmen Tower)
• Entrance Fee: Free, CNY15/person for ascending the Tiananmen Tower
• Address: Chang’an Street, Dongcheng District, Beijing
What to expect at Tiananmen Square
The square used to be an imperial square outside the Forbidden City during the feudal era, walled in on the eastern, western and southern sides, shutting out the common people. In 1958, to celebrate the 10th anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic of China, more than 1,000 designers competed in designing Tiananmen Square. Tiananmen Square has undergone several transformations to become what it is today. At the north end of the square is the Tiananmen Tower. Not very far to the west of Tiananmen Square stands the Zhongnanhai (Central & South Sea), the seat of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council. Opposite the Tiananmen flies the national flag of the People’s Republic of China. In the center of the Tiananmen Square stands the Monument to People’s Heroes and the solemn Chairman Mao’s Mausoleum. On the west side of Tiananmen Square is the Great Hall of the People, also the seat of the National People’s Congress, the supreme organ of power in China. On the south end of the square are Zhengyangmen (Right Sun Gate) and the Arrow Tower of Qianmen (Front Gate). The whole square is splendid and magnificent. The buildings are symmetrical and harmoniously integrated, giving an air of power and grandeur.
Almost all Chinese and foreign Tourists make Tiananmen Square the first stop of their Beijing tour. To many Chinese, Tiananmen Square is their life-long aspiration to see Tiananmen Square, not only because Tiananmen Square is a beautiful historical relic, but also because no other place is regarded by the people with such affection. From the May 4, 1919 movement, which declared war against thousands of years of feudal rule, to Chairman Mao Zedong’s declaration of the founding of the People’s Republic of China, saying farewell to a history of humiliation and enslavement, to Deng Xiaoping’s introduction of his theory of building socialism with distinct Chinese characteristics to launch the current economic surge, and with all its state ceremonies and activities of state affairs. Tiananmen has witnessed many major political and historical events that describe the decline and resurgence of China.
How to get to Tiananmen Square
• Take Metro Line 1 and get off at Tiananmen Dong or Tiananmen Xi Station.
• Take Metro Line 2 and get off at Qianmen Station, and walk to the Square.
• Take bus No. 1, 2, 5, 52, 59, 82, 120, 622 or Tourist Bus Line 2, etc., and get off at Tiananmen Dong Station or Tiananmen Xi Station.
Additional travel advice on Tiananmen Square
• Liquids are forbidden to take into Tiananmen Tower.
• Luggage or large bags are not allowed to carry into Tiananmen Tower. Please deposit your bags in the left-luggage office.
• Tiananmen Square could be temporarily closed for visit due to unpredictable government activities.