In 138 BC, Zhang Qian was dispatched by Emperor Wu of Han Dynasty to the Western Regions to seek military alliance. Skirted the Taklamakan desert via the northern route, passed the Pamir, then reached Ferghana, Zhang Qian returned via the southern route in 125 BC. In 119 BC, Zhang Qian set off on his second trip to the Western Regions which took him to Dunhuang, Loulan, Kucha, then the capital of Wu-sun kingdom in the Ili River. His missions to the west led to the formalization of trade, especially the silk trade, between China and Persia, resulting in the opening up of the Silk Road. On this 10-Day Silk Road Tour, you will follow Zhang Qian’s footstep to Xian, Dunhuang, Turpan, Urumqi and Kashgar. Xian is the ancient imperial capital of China and eastern departure point of the Silk Road. Dunhuang is where the two branches of the Silk Road, running around the Tarim Basin on the north and on the south, converged. Turpan is the second-lowest depression in the world and the hottest spot in China. Urumqi is the capital of Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Regions and famous for the Beauty of Loulan Mummy at Xinjiang Regional Museum. Kashgar is locked away in the westernmost corner of China and the Uyghur capital of Xinjiang.